Info Change India

An archive of knowledge resources of social justice and sustainable development
in India

Wed08232017

Last updateSat, 22 Jul 2017 6am

Linguistic inclusion on the internet

Linguistic inclusion on the internet

By AlokeThakore

Not a single one of the Eighth Schedule Indian languages is used by more...

Net neutrality: Superhighway to digital inclusion

Net neutrality: Superhighway to digital inclusion

By Ashoak Upadhyay

If users have to pay for the services available via the internet unde...

Ambivalent internet: Freedoms and fears

Ambivalent internet: Freedoms and fears

By Shivani Gupta

The internet is not a gender-neutral space. Women from patriarchal backg...

Digital inequality in the Global South

Digital inequality in the Global South

By TT Sreekumar

Studies which focus on information and communication technologies (ICTs)...

Caste concerns in landmark e-governance projects

Caste concerns in landmark e-governance projects

By Rahul De’

Many e-governance programmes in developing countries reach into the furthes...

With over 2,000 people in India said to be dying every day from tobacco-related diseases, the government’s notification for more graphic pictorial health warnings on tobacco product packs from December 1, 2011, is long overdue

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A report on ‘superbugs’ in Delhi’s water supply and warnings from the World Health Organisation about the growing incidence of drug resistant bacteria mark World Health Day

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Tobacco products are still being sold outside schools and colleges in defiance of the law, a PIL alleged, prompting the court to order better policing, and directing the government to increase awareness about the dangers of smoking

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In the absence of legislation on the controversial issue of euthanasia, the Supreme Court has stepped in and ruled that ‘active euthanasia’ or administering a lethal injection to end life cannot be permitted. The court was ruling in the case of 60-year-old Aruna Shanbaug who has been lying in a vegetative state for 37 years after being brutally attacked and raped

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HIV prevalence has gone up from 28.1% to 34.9% among female sex workers in Mumbai and a few other districts in the country, according to a study of six vulnerable Indian states

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The government has postponed a move to mandate dire warnings on cigarette packs by a year even as the Supreme Court orders it to do more to contain the tobacco menace

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UNAIDS Global Report 2010 claims a 20% drop in the HIV/AIDS infection rate and death rate, with India halving its infection rate in the last 10 years

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Expressing disappointment over the dismal rate of organ donation in the country, Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad has asked religious leaders to promote this noble cause

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India carries the highest burden of tuberculosis in the world, with 2 million new cases in 2009, though government and NGOs have “remarkably scaled up their intervention,” says the World Health Organisation

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The country’s drive to eradicate polio has been impressive -- reflected in a 95% reduction in the number of cases -- says a top official at the World Health Organisation

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Inaugurating centenary celebrations at the Indian Council of Medical Research, one of the country’s oldest medical research bodies, Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said that as the country moved from being a developing nation to a developed one, it had to face the challenge of communicable, non-communicable and re-emerging diseases

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The AIDS Society of India says low-cost HIV/AIDS drugs will soon be made available in India

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On October 24, World Polio Day, India had something to cheer about. The country has reported “record low” polio cases in 2010 -- 39 as against 498 last year. The endemic states of Bihar and UP saw a drastic decline in the number of cases

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Malaria is killing more Indians than estimated, says a study reported in the medical journal The Lancet, which puts malarial deaths at 2.05 lakh each year -- 13 times the World Health Organisation estimate of 15,000 deaths a year

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In an open letter to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, health activists have asked him to intervene to stop the sale of Indian pharma companies to MNCs, and outlined steps the government must take to ensure access to medicines for the 65% of Indians who currently have no access to them

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A new report by international agencies suggests that compulsory licensing may be the way forward for India to provide second- and third-line antiretroviral therapy to the over 1 million patients that are currently not covered

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In a new commentary, scientists have reviewed the fates of previous pandemic influenza viruses in the years following a pandemic, and speculated on possible future courses for the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus during the upcoming flu season and beyond

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Sonography centres across the state will soon have to fall in line and install a special device called a ‘silent observer’ in pregnancy test machines to help curb female foeticide

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The Delhi High Court has criticised the Union government for introducing “irrational” vaccines without conducting research, directing it to consider every aspect before including a vaccine into the national immunisation programme

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The government’s licensing authority for medical drugs has served notice on Indian scientists involved in the ‘superbug’ study published last month, asking them to explain how they collected samples for the research and transported them abroad

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Sickle cell anaemia, a blood disorder, can be extremely painful and cuts life expectancy drastically. The disease is on the rise and is affecting more families than before in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh

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The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is planning to form a specialised public health cadre comprising people specially trained to effectively deal with the prevention and management of both communicable and non-communicable diseases

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The Central Information Commission has criticised the Delhi government and asked it to pay a patient compensation of Rs 50,000 for delays in providing him information on free treatment at private hospitals. The case represents the failure of delivery systems to the poor, it said

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Diabetics spend from their savings, take high-interest loans or sell property to pay their medical bills says a new study on the financial burden of diabetes in India

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Despite official claims, the number of malaria cases in Mumbai continues to climb taking the authorities completely by surprise

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Influenza experts met on August 10, 2010, to assess whether the H1N1 outbreak should be downgraded from its pandemic status

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The Schizophrenia Awareness Association and the Centre for Advocacy in Mental Health will light candles in 25 different cities to remember the 25 people who lost their lives in the coastal hamlet of Erwadi in Tamil Nadu

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Indian farmers are injecting hormones into their vegetables and fruits to make them ripen sooner

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Over 100 people, including four firemen and a police constable, were hospitalised after they inhaled chlorine gas that leaked from a cylinder at a Mumbai Port Trust godown in Sewri

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In a medical case that showcases lack of will and shocking negligence, three children in Jodhpur have tested positive for HIV because they were given infected blood. The government-run Umaid hospital in the city provides blood at no cost for children who are thalassemic and require regular blood transfusions

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Dispur is concerned as many children found with cardiac problems at a recent screening camp were from districts where conflict and violence are severe. But doctors say there is no scientific basis to the belief that mothers living in conflict zones give birth to children with cardiac problems

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Members of civil rights groups are unhappy with the UPA government for rushing to finalise the Communal Violence (Prevention, Control and Rehabilitation of Victims) Bill through a so-called consensus by the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council

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Tens of millions of people in Bangladesh have been exposed to toxic levels of arsenic from drinking contaminated groundwater, putting them at risk of an early death, say US researchers

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A fact-finding team from the Union Ministry of Health will start assessing the swine flu situation in Kerala which has reported 17 deaths and 207 laboratory confirmed cases since May 15. The deaths include nine pregnant women

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The Centre plans to bring in regulation to reduce arbitrariness in private medical practice and to hold private hospitals and doctors accountable for every stage of the treatment they prescribe

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The challenge is to honour every household’s right to quality healthcare. The Mission, which has set up a community monitoring system in nine states, now needs to make it universal before the end of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan so that local communities begin to demand healthcare as a right, says a review

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A study to gauge the long-term effects and acceptability of the controversial cervical cancer vaccine Gardasil has run into trouble in India

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Assam is possibly the first state in India to make it mandatory for all hospitals, including private hospitals and nursing homes, to provide free treatment, at least for the first 24 hours, to emergency patients. The government passed a Bill on March 31 to this effect

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India has asked the World Health Organisation to explain media reports that swine flu was a “false pandemic”. Union health secretary K Sujatha Rao pointed out in Geneva that such news reports were adversely impacting the public health measures being undertaken by various countries

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Acknowledging the scarcity of qualified doctors in rural India, the central government has decided to introduce a three-and-a-half-year medical course for doctors who will be posted at primary health centres and sub-centres that are currently manned by only one auxiliary nurse midwife

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Project Concern International has gone beyond talking about HIV/AIDS to helping affected people earn a living. Forty-five per cent of its staff is HIV-positive

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India has slipped behind all of Africa and Asia in combating measles, delaying action to bolster immunisation against the infection that kills an estimated 160,000 children in the country every year, say medical experts

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It has been a year since former Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss put his foot down about smoking in public and made it a punishable offence. But, neither has there been an effective ban nor has the awareness programme brought about any significant change among smokers

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A large human trial for the AIDS vaccine in Thailand has, for the first time, prevented HIV from spreading in 31.2% of those vaccinated

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The Indian government denies that the country has ‘missed the bus’ in the ongoing global trial of H1N1 flu vaccine, while announcing that one company has positively responded to its proposal for conducting human trials on Indians for ‘bridge study’ so that the vaccine could be made available in the country sometime between December 2009- February 2010

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Only a quarter of those in need of HIV treatment in the Asia-Pacific region are getting it. Around 4,000 experts have gathered in Bali to discuss and strategise on how to take the fight against AIDS further

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A 14-year-old girl in Pune, Maharashtra, has become the country’s first swine flu-related death. Overall, India has reported 558 cases of swine flu, says the health ministry

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The Maharashtra government has been slow in enforcing patients’ rights and legislation to regulate nursing homes, leaving it to NGOs like the Jan Arogya Abhiyan to set up a patients’ forum and draw up a charter of rights

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The spread of the H1N1 virus to 74 countries, including India, has raised the alert level sounded by the world health body, which is a signal to governments to intensify efforts to deal with the disease

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The National AIDS Control Organisation and the Transport Corporation of India have teamed up to launch a programme in 131 locations to raise awareness and promote safe sex among truck drivers

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A new proposal that will bring down the cost of HIV/AIDS drugs requires patent holders to voluntarily offer their intellectual property to a “patent pool” for use by manufacturers of generic drugs, under a licensing arrangement

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A recent article in The Lancet argues that the sheer reach and size of donations by the Gates Foundation to various health initiatives worldwide gives it enormous policy leverage and power in setting the health agenda in many countries

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The smoke seems to have finally cleared over the issue of warnings that will display a picture of a scorpion, indicating cancer, and a diseased lung on tobacco products with the Supreme Court taking an undertaking from the Union government that the law will be implemented from May 31

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Children whose mothers are shorter than four feet, nine inches are 70% more likely to die than those whose mothers are at least five feet, three inches tall says a study by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health

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A parliamentary panel has rubbished sex education in schools, slammed the Ministry of Human Resource Development’s Adult Education Programme and denied that children between 14 and 18 years are at high risk of contracting HIV, despite evidence to the contrary

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A report by Oxfam criticises the World Bank and other international donors for scaling up privatised healthcare delivery in poor countries

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In an attempt to improve health services in rural areas, community and primary healthcare centres in Gujarat will seek accreditation from the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals

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A decade after governments pledged to achieve a “drug-free world,” there is little evidence that the supply or demand of illicit drugs has been reduced. Instead, aggressive drug control policies have led to increased incarceration for minor offences, human rights violations, and disease

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The petitioners allege that a health ministry order suspending vaccine production at three units in the country has aggravated vaccine shortages, jeopardised India’s Universal Immunisation Programme, and handed the field over to the private sector that can hold the government ransom and call the shots in setting prices

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A new report finds that public healthcare generally suffers from underfunding and poor utilisation of whatever resources are available. It also points to huge disparities within the states as regards health indicators, availability of medical graduates, quality of service and rising cost of healthcare

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The low-cost, low-tech breathalyser is extremely effective in detecting early cases of tuberculosis and will be launched first in India, which has the highest burden of tuberculosis in the world

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Forty-four per cent of women get married by the age of 18, 53% of children in one survey reported sexual abuse, and 46% of calls coming into a helpline were from young people in the 15-24 age-group. These are figures quoted in an open letter urging sexuality education for young people

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Women who were offered PRO2000 gel plus condoms in the trial had 30% fewer HIV infections than those offered only condoms or condoms plus a placebo gel

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Avoidable complications during childbirth kill 78,000 women in India every year. One million children die in the country every year before they become 28 days old. These are some of the disturbing findings of Unicef’s ‘State of the World’s Children 2009’ report

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