The Internet, mobile telephony and other new technologies have changed the way media organisations collect, present and disseminate news. They have also changed the definition of news and who controls it, and created new revenue models for media companies. Sunil Saxena traces the rise of 'new media'
Television broadcasting has grown at a phenomenal pace with more than 250 diverse television channels reaching 112 million Indian homes. Governed by arbitrary codes of conduct and subject to pressures from several sources, this relatively new medium has yet to evolve a viable, independent regulatory mechanism. Radio, on the other hand, is still a restricted medium despite a landmark 1995 Supreme Court judgement declaring that the airwaves are public property, says Ammu Joseph
With 62,483 newspapers and periodicals in 101 languages, and combined daily circulation of 99 million, India is the second biggest newspaper market in the world despite its poor literacy rates. Though the press has successfully warded off State attempts to curb its freedom of expression, new pressures from extra-constitutional authorities and from commercial interests may be undermining its independence and its commitment to serving the public interest, says Ammu Joseph
The proposed Cinematograph Bill 2010 is geared to cracking down on piracy, but does little to protect freedom of expression, leaving the power to define public order, morality, decency and national interest to the executive wing of government at the centre rather than to people’s representatives, says Sarim Naved
Following severe criticism of media handling of the 26/11 terror attacks on Mumbai you’d think media coverage of the recent blast at German Bakery in Pune would be different. But the same kind of speculative and insensitive reporting has been witnessed once again, says Kalpana Sharma
As Indian TV serials finally get away from kitchen politics to tell stories set in real social milieus, Gajra Kottary, writer of the hugely popular Balika Vadhu, points out what it takes to make a serial about a serious social issue like child marriage click with rural and urban audiences
Far from “encouraging” child marriage as some politicians feel, Balika Vadhu is the rare serial that induces audiences to engage intellectually with social conflicts, albeit on an entertainment platform, says Sanjay Ranade
The recent controversy over the TV programme Sach ka Samna has led to renewed calls for regulation of the broadcast media. P N Vasanti who was involved in drawing up self-regulation guidelines for the broadcasting sector for the I&B ministry, explains the content of the guidelines which, she says, could have addressed the current issues. Instead, it has been put into cold storage
The media’s positive reaction to the overturning of Section 377, and the debates it initiated across the public spectrum, gave the LGBT issue a much needed airing and buttressed the enlightened ruling of the Delhi High Court, says Siddharth Narrain
Several studies suggest that viewing violence on screen prompts aggressive behaviour in children. Parental control of TV viewing and responsibility on the part of programmers is urgently required but there is surprisingly little debate or action on this issue, says clinical psychologist Malavika Kapur
Does the media – particularly the broadcast media -- need regulation, and if so, of what kind? India TV’s recent rejection of the Broadcasting Standards Disputes Redressal Authority ruling, and the proposal by the home minister of Karnataka of a state-appointed media ombudsman, show just how perilous is the path to regulation
Calling someone by a diminutive such as “boy” or “little” is a way of one race subjugating another. Calling a land a “new world” is a way of wiping out its history and prior identity. The media has inherited many of the assumptions and attitudes of the colonialists, with naming often taking on specific class and gender contours, says Sharmila Joshi
Media coverage of trafficking of women and children, migration and sex work is confused and inaccurate. Media wrongly uses the terms ‘sex work’ and ‘trafficking’ synonymously, perpetuating stereotypes and stigmatisation and contributing to the violation of women’s right to free movement and livelihood options, say these authors
The recent recommendations made by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on the entry of certain entities into radio and television is full of good intentions, but how many of them are implementable in the current confused state of broadcasting in the country?
The big difference between the code of ethics drawn up by the News Broadcasters Association (NBA) and that of the I&B ministry is that the NBA has set up an independent disputes redressal authority, whereas the ministry’s code gives overarching powers to the central government
Conflict is at the heart of every interesting news story, says Chindu Sreedharan in this analysis of how the Indian and Pakistani media cover Kashmir. But journalism tends to simplify issues and see things in black and white, which won't do in reporting conflict